MANILA

The Capital City

 

Manila was the country’s first chartered city by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 enacted on July 31, 1901. 

The capital city gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the “Revised Charter of the City of Manila” on June 18, 1949.

 

Manila @ 451

The City of Manila will celebrate its upcoming 451st Founding Anniversary (Araw ng Maynila) on June 24, 2022. 

A colorful festive palette, float parade and Gala concert showcasing its 451st year celebration will be witnessed by the people of the city.


Geographical Setting

Manila is a coastal and highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region (also known as Metropolitan Manila). It serves as the national capital as well as the regional center of the NCR. Its position at the Philippines’ largest island Luzon has made it strategic for cultural and economic exchange since pre-colonial period.

The City is located at the eastern coast of Manila Bay. It is surrounded by Malabon and Caloocan Cities on the north; by Quezon City on the northeast; by San Juan City on the east; by Mandaluyong and Makati cities on the southeast; and Pasay City on the south.

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities nearest to Manila are: Pasay (5.45 km), San Juan (5.6 km), Mandaluyong (5.95 km), Makati (6.01 km), Caloocan (7.37 km), and Navotas (8.11 km).  The nearest municipalities are: Pateros (10.66 km), Obando (14.33 km), Cainta (14,64 km), Taytay (16.60 km), Kawit (18.18 km) and Marilao (18.76 km).


 

 

MANILA

The Capital City

 

Manila was the country’s first chartered city by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 enacted on July 31, 1901. 

The capital city gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the “Revised Charter of the City of Manila” on June 18, 1949.

 

Manila @ 451

The City of Manila will celebrate its upcoming 451st Founding Anniversary (Araw ng Maynila) on June 24, 2022. 

A colorful festive palette, float parade and Gala concert showcasing its 451st year celebration will be witnessed by the people of the city.


Geographical Setting

Manila is a coastal and highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region (also known as Metropolitan Manila). It serves as the national capital as well as the regional center of the NCR. Its position at the Philippines’ largest island Luzon has made it strategic for cultural and economic exchange since pre-colonial period.

The City is located at the eastern coast of Manila Bay. It is surrounded by Malabon and Caloocan Cities on the north; by Quezon City on the northeast; by San Juan City on the east; by Mandaluyong and Makati cities on the southeast; and Pasay City on the south.

Based on the great-circle distance (the shortest distance between two points over the surface of the Earth), the cities nearest to Manila are: Pasay (5.45 km), San Juan (5.6 km), Mandaluyong (5.95 km), Makati (6.01 km), Caloocan (7.37 km), and Navotas (8.11 km).  The nearest municipalities are: Pateros (10.66 km), Obando (14.33 km), Cainta (14,64 km), Taytay (16.60 km), Kawit (18.18 km) and Marilao (18.76 km).


 

Area

Manila has a computed land area of 42.34 km² consisting of six legislative districts, 17 administrative districts, 100 zones, and 896 barangays.


 

 

Topography

Manila’s topography is relatively flat, with a slope ranging from 0.81 degree to very gentle sloping of 3.17 degrees. Some of its portions are below sea level, which makes Manila prone to flooding.

The City lies on top of centuries of prehistoric alluvial deposits built by the waters of the Pasig River, a tidal estuary that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. The direction of flow of water depends on the relative water levels of Laguna de Bay and Manila Bay.  A significant part of Manila is located within what used to be swamps and marshes, as well as Manila Bay, which has a coastline of 190 km., and stretches from Cavite to Metro Manila, all the way to Bulacan, Pampanga, and Bataan.

Manila’s land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the pre-colonial, American colonial and recent times. Some of the city’s natural topographic variations have been evened out due to urbanization.  Maximum elevation is 355 ft. while average elevation is 23 ft.  


Area

Manila has a computed land area of 42.34 km² consisting of six legislative districts, 17 administrative districts, 100 zones, and 896 barangays.


 

 

Topography

Manila’s topography is relatively flat, with a slope ranging from 0.81 degree to very gentle sloping of 3.17 degrees. Some of its portions are below sea level, which makes Manila prone to flooding.

The City lies on top of centuries of prehistoric alluvial deposits built by the waters of the Pasig River, a tidal estuary that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. The direction of flow of water depends on the relative water levels of Laguna de Bay and Manila Bay.  A significant part of Manila is located within what used to be swamps and marshes, as well as Manila Bay, which has a coastline of 190 km., and stretches from Cavite to Metro Manila, all the way to Bulacan, Pampanga, and Bataan.

Manila’s land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the pre-colonial, American colonial and recent times. Some of the city’s natural topographic variations have been evened out due to urbanization.  Maximum elevation is 355 ft. while average elevation is 23 ft.  


 

The City’s Official Seal

The shield on which the various images are emblazoned and which carry the nations colors signifies the valor, the blood and the idealism with which Manila’s forcers fought against invasion.

The circular band around the shield declares the seal to that of Manila, Philippines.

The six stars represent the six congressional districts into which the city is divided and governed the circle.

The beautiful pearl embedded in the shell symbolizes the character of Manila, a city that has transformed to hundred divergent cultures collected over the centuries from nationalities who landed on her shore into something essentially Filipino.

The sea lion, en garde, stands for the authority of the City Government – protective and defensive of Manila’s people & territory.

The waves of alternating azure and argent portray the Pasig River – a most important landmark whose length and path throughout the city chronicle the beginnings and the progress of Manila’s commerce & industry.

 

 

 

The City’s Official Seal

The shield on which the various images are emblazoned and which carry the nations colors signifies the valor, the blood and the idealism with which Manila’s forcers fought against invasion.

The circular band around the shield declares the seal to that of Manila, Philippines.

The six stars represent the six congressional districts into which the city is divided and governed the circle.

The beautiful pearl embedded in the shell symbolizes the character of Manila, a city that has transformed to hundred divergent cultures collected over the centuries from nationalities who landed on her shore into something essentially Filipino.

The sea lion, en garde, stands for the authority of the City Government – protective and defensive of Manila’s people & territory.

The waves of alternating azure and argent portray the Pasig River – a most important landmark whose length and path throughout the city chronicle the beginnings and the progress of Manila’s commerce & industry.